Place your fabric over the design and, using a hard pencil, trace the outline onto your fabric. (It's a good idea to hold your fabric in place with masking tape to prevent it from wrinkling). If you can't see the image through the fabric, try going over the design with a black felt pen to make the outline stronger.
Alternatively, trace the design using tracing paper, and tape this onto a lightbox (or a window). Tape your fabric over the top so that the light shines through and you can trace the design onto your fabric.
On dark fabrics, use a quilters' white or silver pencil.
Dressmakers' carbon paper is available in a variety of colours; use one that will show on your fabric. Place dressmakers' carbon face down on top of your fabric and position fabric and carbon under the design to be traced. Using a hard pencil, carefully draw around the design, checking to see that it is coming out clearly.
through tissue paper
Tacking (basting) the outline of a design leaves no marks or lines on the fabric, so it is very useful for techniques that do not have a stitched outline around the whole design.
To prevent your fabric from slipping, bind the inner hoop with strips of fabric. Secure the end of the binding with a couple of stitches. If you are using a fine or delicate fabric, the outer hoop should also be bound in this way.
Place your fabric over the inner hoop. Using the screw on the outer ring, adjust so that the ring fits snugly over the inner hoop and fabric. With the tension screw at the top, ease the outer ring down over the inner ring, pulling the fabric taut as you go. When the fabric is taut and wrinkle-free, use a screwdriver to tighten the screw.
Choose a 'slate' frame (made from wood, but with a rigid construction rather than the type with screw fastenings) for best results. The fabric to be framed should be no wider than the webbing, but the depth is not important as excess fabric can be wound onto the rollers when not in use.
Lay the card on the wrong side of the cut fabric and fold the fabric firmly over the long sides of the card. Pin in place and, with strong thread, lace the fabric as shown. Mitre each of the corners as shown and then pin and lace firmly in this direction.
Lace the long sides together first.
Mitre and pin each corner before lacing the short sides together.
Finish lacing the remaining two sides.
A backing fabric may be used to provide additional support for a fine surface fabric, such as silk, or when using heavier threads, such as goldwork threads. When using a backing fabric it is important that the straight grains of the fabrics are aligned. Mount the fabrics together into the embroidery frame or hoop, ensuring that both fabrics are smooth and wrinkle-free.